expressing possibility examples

He might have brought the cake. This summer might be really hot. Possibility Use could, might and may to show that something is possible in the future, though you are not 100% certain. will. She might be late. This ESL lesson plan contains activities, games and resources that teach upper-intermediate level students how to express certainty and possibility in English. May, might, and could are all used to show possibility in the past. We can’t lift 100 kilos. (I was very happy). Improve your English grammar with more lessons and exercises. Don't rule out the possibility of a company merger. I can drive safely. They might be at home. ". " (present possibility) You should introduce yourself; he may/might not remember you. This could not be the only book available. They could still be waiting for us. 3. May, might, and could are all used to show possibility in the past. Here are some examples: Present. Might not shows that something probably is not true. 4. 1. Where are my keys? What is the probability of the occurrence of a number that is odd or less than 5 when a fair die is rolled. They could have worked late. Ability Sarven can ride a bike. (He is usually at work at this time of the day.). Might is defined as to express doubt or a lower possibility. We can cook. My keys might be in the car. Except for this use, couldn't expresses negative deduction, not possibility: It's only 10 o'clock. (Although it seems obvious, it is not a fact that the runner is tired.). How to Use "Possibility" with Example Sentences. " I'm not sure. (Mengapa kamu mengatakan itu?) What does might mean? Must can be used in the same way to show certainty in the past. 1. For example: As far as I know, the ferry is running on schedule. The plural form of probability is probabilities. I can play table tennis. The common modal verbs in English are: can. Flying can betoo expensive. Although might and could express possibility in a similar way, the negative forms of might and could are different. He was running for 2 hours. Request Can you help me? Probability of getting no head = P(all tails) = 1/32. 2. (Perhaps he has died, but we don't know.). I can’t type very fast. May expresses a greater degree of certainty: You should ask him. We use “CAN” to express 1. Present: Where are my keys? Use could to express a possibility which is one of many. Could not shows that something is impossible. He may/might/could have died. Edina is studying the possibility of a commuter rail service through the city and is seeking feedback from residents and … Use These Examples of Probability To Guide You Through Calculating the Probability of Simple Events. ** NOTE ** We normally use have to for things that happen repeatedly with adverbs of frequency like always, often, and regularly. In addition, they are usually used as auxiliary verbs and are followed by the base form of the verb. We use may, might and could to say that something is possible, but not certain: They may come by car. (uncertainty) ". Use could have, might have and may have to show that something was possible in the past up until now. 2. (= Maybe they are at home.) Examples. In Spanish, there are many different ways of expressing possibility and probability. 6. Present: Where are my keys? It can also be used to suggest an action, or to introduce two differing possibilities. The odds are Example – The odds are he will win the gold medal. It’s quite likely You can use three verbs: could, may, might.For example: It could take you two hours to get there by train. The word probability is derived from the Latin word probabilitas, which means provable. It must be cold. Probably Example – It’s probably going to rain tonight. Here are some examples of how we might voice our … Drew can’t be goingto the party. My job has opened up new possibilities for me. They have never met. They can perform on stage. Modal verbs are a special class of verbs that add degrees of ability, possibility, permission or obligation to another verb. Mike can swim well. If three marbles are drawn from the jar at random, what is the probability that the first marble is red, the second marble is blue, and the third is white? Alicia cannot drive a car. There is a grammar explanation at the bottom of the page. I must be careful not to upset him. “Auxiliary Verb Can”Modal Auxiliary verb ‘can’ is used to express ability, request and possibility, as we will see in the following examples. George must beon the plane by now. It is just one of a number of possibilities. 3. Could, may or might convey the idea of future possibility. Someone is knocking on the door. Talking about a specific possibility in the present or future. Are you likely to get here before 8? Let's say you have ten pairs of socks in your sock drawer. Example 2: A jar contains 4 blue marbles, 5 red marbles and 11 white marbles. Future: We could go to the party tonight. Modal Verbs Exercise 2 – English Grammar Exercises. (I didn't hurry, so I didn't catch the bus.). 1. Jan can not run fast. 3. You should introduce yourself; he may/might not remember you. They could be in the car. 2. Fill in each gap using must, can’t, could, may or might. Tono: The match will end in a few minutes and Indonesia still do not score a goal. 5. (maybe) She may be in the wrong room. He may/might know Susan's telephone number. Examples: She could be late. About. Present modal verbs of probably are often constructed with “be” following them. It has to be cold. Let's explore all of the possibilities. You can find links to the exercises at the bottom of the page. ". " Examples: - We use must to express complete certainty. Side effects of this medication may include upset stomach and fever. For instance, if we were watching a trapeze artist perform in a circus we could use some different modals to describe the action. He can speak Japanese. While it represented possibility, a blank slate, it also represented an emptiness that needed to be filled. Oliver can perform two tasks at a time. May expresses a greater degree of certainty: You should ask him. I may/might see you later. It is the ratio of the number of ways an event can occur to the number of possible outcomes. We'll use the following model to help calculate the probability of simple events. They can eat with chop sticks. Instead, we can use Do you think? Modal Verb + Have + Past Participle 1. 2. May, might and could + perfect infinitive express uncertainty with reference to past actions: We haven't heard from him for ten years. Tono: It seems Indonesia will lose the match. 1. Contoh Dialog Expressing Possibility and Impossibility. 3. They ought to be home by the time we get there. They might be in the car. Probability is the chance or likelihood that an event will happen. One at a time, a student will come to the front of the class to describe an object to the room. Click on the links below to learn and practice. 4. Try the tests below: Grammar    Writing   Listening    Reading    Vocabulary    Pronunciation, IELTS   TOEFL   TOEIC   Business English   Logic Activities, Copyright © 2021 360Learning Inc.Home May/might not + perfect infinitive is used for uncertainty, but could not + perfect infinitive (except for the case above) expresses deduction: I had better call Anne. Modal Verb + Base Verb Exercise instructions. shall. May shows possibility in the present or the future. This form is not as strong as might or may. The negative form couldn't is often used with comparative adjectives: The food is delicious, and the staff couldn't be more polite. P(at least one head) = 1 – P(all tails) = 1 – 1/32 = 31/32. He was running for 2 hours. In addition to ‘may’, ‘could’, ‘might’ and ‘must’ are also used in expressing possibility. When talking about the present, modal verbs of probability express a guess or suggestion. That must be Maria on the phone - she’s the only person with my new number. Probability Example 1. I can play the guitar. You need to face the possibility that she will not come back. Pengertian Expressing Possibility and Impossibility di Lengkapi Contoh Percakapan dalam Bahasa Inggris Hello sahabat SBI (Study bahasa Inggris), bagaimana cara mengungkapkan suatu hal yang kita tidak benar yakin itu terjadi atau tidak terjadi dalam bahasa Inggris? - We use will to express a strong possibility that something is true, especially when we don’t have actual evidence at the moment. 2. Because of the uncertainty, these modals are often used to talk about the future, though sometimes we want to express possibility in the present. Many do not have a past tense. You can work from the following list or choose your own. Everyone is wearing a jacket. (Perhaps she doesn't/won't remember you.). I talk about how to use these verbs and give you example sentences. This modal verbs for possibility lesson shows you how to use them all correctly in English. That will be Maria on the phone - she said she’d call. May/Might/Could/Must + Base Verb. It couldn't have been John you saw this morning. Have to is much less formal than must, and is common in conversation. Sol: Probability math - Total … Inability He can’t ride a horse. She could not know who my friend is. Toni: Why do you say that? may. (I'm fairly sure this isn't true) Notice that the opposite of 'must ' is ' can't in this case. (maybe) She can't be at home. Present: Where are my keys? (Perhaps he knows her number.) (I'm fairly sure this is a good guess) She might come soon. Paul and Ingrid can ski. There IS a difference between must and have to when expressing necessity for yourself or others. For this speaking activity, the students have to use the target language to describe different nouns to the class. May is formal and is often found in writing, like this example: Might is less formal than may, and is more common in conversation. They have to be in Charlotte before Thursday. She must be on the bus. must. or be likely to/that: Do you think he may/might know Susan's telephone number? She can cook really well. Mightis also used to very formally or politely ask for permission, and it is used as the past-tense form of maywhen asking permission in reported speech. 2. She may/might not have read my e-mail. I could have caught the bus if I had hurried. Certainty, or the belief of certainty, from the speaker. The probability is 13/52 x 12/51 = 12/204 = 1/17. Is it likely that you will get here before 8? Must can be used in the same way to show certainty in the past. (maybe) She could be lost. –> This is specific: it could take you two hours, not someone else. Solution May and Might – possibility The verbs ‘may’ and ‘might’ are used to say that something is possibly true: I think I might be coming down with the flu. She may be late. May and might are usually not used to introduce a question. He couldn't be at home. (He didn't die.) (deduction), For timeline diagrams, quotes and exercises, check out our e-book The Grammaring Guide to English Grammar, Grammaring – A guide to English grammar | Copyright © 2009-2020, Categories of meaning expressed by modals, Modals to express permission / prohibition: CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, BE ALLOWED TO, MUSTN'T, BE TO, Modals to express predictions: BE GOING TO, WILL, Modals to express deduction: MUST, CAN'T, COULDN'T. If you closed your eyes and picked one, there is a very likely (8/10 or 80%) chance that you're going to pick a pair of yellow socks. She can speak German. They will then have to explain what it is by talking about what they may or may not do with it. … He must be tired. What is the probability of getting a sum of 7 when two dice are thrown? It does not mater what the subject is. Dengan kata lain, kejadian tersebut mungkin terjadi atau mungkin tidak terjadi. Definition The modal verb mightis most often used to express an unlikely or uncertain possibility. (= Maybe they will come by car.) Demo it a c… Katie may belate to the movie. However, that only goes for random choices. Modal verb are used with other verbs to express various things like ability, obligation and possibility Modal verbs with their meaning and examples (= Maybe we will be late.) If we don't hurry, we could be late. Imay go traveling next year. He might/could have died. If you find the free materials useful and want complete access to all of our teaching resources, you should consider becoming a member . –> Again, this is specific: we’re talking about this summer, not every summer. Modal verbs are a very important of the English language. 3. You could also express this as 0.058 or 5.8%. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Several modal verbs show possibility, including might, may, could, and must. The construction in the present would be: Present = could + verb (do) Examples of using could in the present tense in dialogue include: Jane could be at work, or she could be at home. In this English lesson you will learn few expressions that will help you to express possibility. (Perhaps I will see you later.) We say “I can”, “she can”, “they can”, etc. He may/might know Susan's telephone number. Something is possible in the present or future. There is a good chance Example – There’s a good chance India may win. May and might + infinitive are used to express present or future possibility. Example. Sample Probability questions with solutions. In this exercise you will practise using modal verbs to express present probability: must, can’t, could, may, might. We use these modals to describe a possible action. Would you like to practice your understanding of modal verbs for possibility? Could can be used instead of may and might with the verb be: You could be right. Write the word on a piece of paper and show it to that student only. 1. a) To Express Ability/Inability 1. 4. They could be in the car. : Set among the vacant houses of suburban New Mexico, the film offers a bleak perspective on the possibility of growth and renewal. Here are some common present modal verbs. (Perhaps he knows her number.) You can see “can” is always followed by a base verb. (Perhaps I will see you later.) Eight of them are yellow, and two of them are black. He must have won the game. Must, may, might, can’t and couldn’t are used with a present perfect verb form to show how certain a speaker is that a past situation happened or didn’t happen. (Although it seems obvious, it is not a fact that the runner is tired.). Might not shows that something probably will not happen in the future. These verbs are very common in English, so it is worth spending time to learn how to use them properly. She can climb the stairs. They may be in the car. (future possibility) 2. Couldn't + perfect infinitive is often used with comparative adjectives: It was a great year, and I couldn't have been happier. But when we want to say that something was possible but did not happen, we use might or could: He was very careless when crossing the road. He has to be tired. Everyone is wearing a jacket. She may have gone home early. ". " Modal verbs explained with examples with pictures English grammar Modal verbs explained with examples and pictures learning English grammar. (they are very polite). What about specific possibilities? : A third possibility is that structural position and self-monitoring may have relatively independent, additive effects on performance in organizations. Future: We could go to the party tonight. Let’s stop by their house on the way home. May and might + infinitive are used to express present or future possibility. I may/might see you later. We should arrive in Vancouver in about an hour. (Tampaknya Indonesia akan kalah dalam pertandingan.) The same is true for “could” in the past. In this posting I discuss 6 types of modals: modals of ability, permission, probability, advice, necessity, and polite requests. He is away on holiday.
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