"We were so intent on caring about the clerics, priests, or bishops, that we did not see that the biggest pain to be endured was endured by the people that were hurt. The new Archbishop did not have much time to settle into his office before the Nigeria-Biafra War broke out. He attended the final session of the Second Vatican Council in that same year. Eventually, Arinze was transferred to London, where he attended the Institute of Education and graduated in 1964. Through the conference, the archbishops and bishops of the 54 ecclesiastical jurisdictions, as shepherds of souls in their archdioceses and dioceses, are able to pray together, study together, and work together; and with one voice, are able to speak and spearhead the teaching, prophetic and pastoral ministry of the Catholic Church in Nigeria. Gregory was one of 13 men — and the only American — elevated to the College of Cardinals during Saturday’s ceremony. Arinze remains active and in 2009 gave the commencement address at the Augustine Institute in Denver. At 53, Cardinal Sarah is still too young and under the radar in Rome to be recognised as a leading Catholic figure, but another person to watch is the archbishop of Bangui, Dieudonné Nzapalainga. He has produced over 1,700 television programs with the Apostolate for Family Consecration. The emeritus Catholic archbishop of Abuja, John Cardinal Onaiyekan, has warned that Nigeria's democracy is in danger, especially with the way it is handled by the country's leaders. As a result of the war, Archbishop Arinze had to flee his see city of Onitsha and to live as a refugee, first in Adazi and then Amichi, for the three years of the war, which lasted from 1967 to 1970. Catholic News Service WASHINGTON -- To Father Robert Boxie III, the Catholic chaplain at Howard University in Washington, the naming of Washington's archbishop "as a cardinal is huge, it's historic." Gregory, second from left, greets parishioners following mass at St. Augustine Church in Washington on June 2, 2019. Updated 1754 GMT (0154 HKT) November 28, 2020. The entire archdiocese was located in the secessionist Biafran territory during the Nigerian Civil War. Francis Arinze became the youngest Roman Catholic bishop in the world when he was consecrated on 29 August 1965, at the age of 32. In keeping with the Pope's concerns for Catholics who have been historically marginalized, the other new cardinals include men from Rwanda, Brunei, Chile and the Philippines. "They are incapable of moving outside their own little world of interests.". Despite his own refugee status, Archbishop Arinze worked tirelessly for refugees, displaced persons, the sick and the hungry, offering support to priests and religious, and giving the faithful hope for the future. Pope Francis raised 13 new cardinals to the highest rank in the Catholic hierarchy Saturday and immediately warned the churchmen during a ceremony marked from beginning to end by the coronavirus pandemic not to use their titles for corrupt, personal … He traveled extensively and became a popular speaker in the United States. Anthea Butler, a scholar of religion at the University of Pennsylvania, said Francis' upbringing in Argentina, where he lived most of his life, gave him a window into racial attitudes in the Americas. Retired Archbishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Abuja, His Eminence, Cardinal John Onaiyekan has played down calls for the disintegration of Nigeria. Electors; Non-Voting; Cardinal-Bishops; Cardinal-Priests; Cardinal-Deacons Demographics and DiNardo's own fast-track career both played a … From there, he was appointed regional secretary for Catholic education for the eastern part of Nigeria. In the same year, he was awarded the chieftaincy title of the Ochudouwa of Eziowelle.[3]. Cardinal Onaiyekan said the country should be ashamed that it still carries out with anti-people policies and actions that retard its progress. The Catholic Church does not tell bishops beforehand that they'll be promoted to cardinal, so Gregory heard the news from a friend on October 25, the day the Pope made the announcement from Rome. He was the first native African to head his diocese, succeeding Archbishop Charles Heerey, an Irish missionary. Wilton Gregory receives his biretta from Pope Francis at St. Peter's Basilica in The Vatican on Saturday. Two days following his elevation to cardinal deacon, Arinze was appointed President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue. He was appointed titular bishop of Fissiana and named Coadjutor to the Archbishop of Onitsha, Nigeria. "For African American Catholics this is huge," she said. As a part of Biafra, Onitsha and its people had suffered greatly in the three-year war. Gregory was one of 13 men -- and the only American -- elevated to the College of Cardinals during Saturday's ceremony. The first Catholic priest in the region, John Cross Anyogu was ordained by Shanahan in 1930. In elevating Gregory to the highest ranks of the Catholic Church, Francis continues to play close attention to racial dynamics in the United States. The possibility that a Pope will be elected from within the eligible Latin American Cardinals is also under scrutiny. Retired Cardinals. The present president of the CBCN as of 2020 is Augustine Obiora Akubeze, Archbishop of Benin city, who was preceded by the Archbishop of Jos Catholic Diocese, Ignatius Kaigama. At age 15, he entered All Hallows Seminary of Onitsha from which he graduated and earned a philosophy degree in 1950. With the world’s cardinals assembled there to elect a new pope, Catholic leaders in Nigeria say they are hoping the next man in charge holds on to … A year later, the people of Onitsha organized a pilgrimage to Rome when they learned that Archbishop Arinze would be named a Cardinal at the Consistory of 25 May 1985. The Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Church in Rwanda, Msgr. Cardinal John Henry Newman, a renowned 19th-century Anglican convert and leading Victorian intellectual, is set to become the first English Catholic saint … Before Francis chose Gregory as Archbishop of Washington last year, he also served as a bishop in Belleville, Illinois, and in Atlanta. Butler, who is African American, said she would have been in Rome for Gregory's installation if not for the pandemic. Wilton Gregory, archbishop of Washington and once the bishop of the Belleville diocese, is now the first African-American Catholic cardinal. After ordination, Father Arinze remained in Rome, earning a master's in theology in 1959 and doctorate in 1960. ", Pope Francis condemns death of George Floyd, calls US unrest 'disturbing', book-length interview published on Monday, The disturbing truths in the new Vatican scandal report. With the help of foreign missionaries, he supervised what one international relief worker called one of "the most effective and efficient distributions of relief materials" in history. "I hope it's a sign to the African American community that the Catholic Church has a great reverence, respect and esteem for the people, for my people of color.". Laurean Rugambwa (July 12, 1912 – December 8, 1997) was the first modern native African Cardinal of the Catholic Church. This list may not reflect recent changes . Francis Arinze (born 1 November 1932) is a Nigerian[1] Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. The first indigenous Catholic Bishop in Northern Nigeria died in December 2020 and he has been laid to rest at the St. Joseph Cathedral, Kaduna, Nigeria. Many Catholic Bishops including those of the Kaduna Ecclesiastical Province which the late Archbishop led until retirement were all there. Sunday, 3 March 2019 This is the first Sunday for many decades, apart from illness, that I have not attended or celebrated Sunday Mass The first Catholic Mass in the English-speaking colonies was celebrated at St. Clement’s Island in 1634. Arinze stayed at All Hallows until 1953 to teach. Rome (CNN)For the past week, Archbishop Wilton Gregory of Washington, DC, was holed up in a Vatican guesthouse, receiving meals at his door. The government also confiscated the Catholic schools, most of which also served as churches or parish halls. He was considered papabile, that is, a candidate for election to the papacy, at the papal conclave that followed, in which he was a cardinal elector. Onaiyekan, John Olorunfemi (76), Cardinal-Priest of S. Saturnino and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Abuja : Archbishops (15) Abegunrin, Gabriel ’Leke (74), Metropolitan Archbishop of Ibadan : Akubeze, Augustine Obiora (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Benin City and President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Nigeria Our people are the bedrock of Catholicism in every part of Nigeria. He was Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments from 2002 to 2008. He became Archbishop of Onitsha on 26 June 1967. [6] He is also the author of several books along with a complete "Consecration and Truth Catechetical Program" for children and adults. Francis Arinze became the youngest Roman Catholic bishop in the world when he was consecrated on 29 August 1965, at the age of 32. His father was initially opposed to his entering the seminary, but after seeing how much Francis enjoyed it, he encouraged him. He actively catechises via Familyland TV to the Americas, the Philippines, Africa, and Europe. He later became the first bishop in 1957 of Enugu diocese which was created in … He … In that capacity, he worked closely with individual bishops and priests throughout the world in preparation for the rare celebration of the Church. The Nigerian government deported all foreign missionaries stationed in the archdiocese, leaving only the native clergy and religious, who were few in number. ", Archbishop Wilton Gregory set to become first Black cardinal, the Catholic Church's first African American cardinal, Pope Francis appoints America's first Black cardinal, Wilton Gregory, One player described Francis as "super chill. He became Archbishop of Onitsha on 26 June 1967. The oldest Catholic priest in Nigeria, the late Pedro Martins, a Monsignor, was on Tuesday laid to rest in Lagos amidst tributes by clerics, friends, and relatives. Antoine Kambanda, has been elevated to the level of cardinal by Pope Francis. The group was responsible for 620 deaths in the first six months of 2012 and over 400 in 2011. The first Catholic cardinal of Brunei has offered a glimpse of how it is to be a Church in the “periphery.” “The Catholic Church in Brunei, in a sense, is a periphery within the periphery,” said Cardinal Cornelius Sim of Brunei in an interview with Vatican News.. His parents later converted to Catholicism. In July 2009, he delivered a major speech promoting interreligious dialogue at The City Club of Cleveland. He served in various related capacities including the president of the Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops. Francis Arinze was still Archbishop of Onitsha when the Nigeria-Biafra war ended in 1970. He served as Archbishop of Dar es Salaam from 1968 to 1992, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1960. Bishop Shannahan described Eastern Nigerians as “natural Catholics”. Gregory, 72, already the highest-ranking African-American Catholic in US history, told CNN this week that he has been praying, writing homilies and letters to well-wishers, and reflecting on his new role. The end of the war did not mean an end to the challenges facing the young Archbishop. READ MORE Islamic leadership across Africa: From Nigeria’s Shekau to Mali’s Imam Dicko. Cardinal John Onaiyekan of Abuja, Nigeria. "It's been a time to thank God for this unique moment in my life and in the life of the church in the United States," Gregory said. He also took care to keep the Church separate from the ongoing political conflict, gaining the respect of all factions in the country. On 9 December 2008 Benedict accepted Arinze's resignation as prefect of the Congregation of Divine Worship.[5]. Jump to navigation Jump to search. "We have been waiting a long time for a cardinal, and it's a recognition of the sacrifices that have been made by people of African descent in the Catholic Church.". ", "On such matters they would never protest," the Pope continued. Pope Francis has created 13 new cardinals, including a first African-American Archbishop from Washington, putting his personal stamp on the body that will one day choose his successor. The Catholic Church in Nigeria is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope, the curia in Rome, and the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Nigeria (CBCN). From 1961 to 1962, Arinze was professor of liturgy, logic, and basic philosophy at Bigard Memorial Seminary. His Eminence Francis Arinze, Nigeria, Prefect emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments); His Eminence Anthony Olubunmi Okogie, Nigeria, Archbishop emeritus of Lagos; His Eminence Antonios Naguib, Egypt, Patriarch emeritus of Alexandria, (Coptic Catholic Church; His Eminence Alexandre do Nascimento, Angola, Archbishop emeritus of … Cindy Wooden in Rome contributed to this story. As a Cardinal, Gregory will be one of the Pope's closest advisers and one of only 120 or so men who will elect the next pontiff. "You'll never find such people protesting the death of George Floyd, or joining a demonstration because there are shanty towns where children lack water or education, or because there are whole families who have lost their income," Francis said in the book, called "Let Us Dream. Cardinal John Henry Newman, a renowned 19th-century Anglican convert and leading Victorian intellectual, is set to become the first English Catholic saint of the post-Reformation period on Sunday. His doctoral thesis on "Ibo Sacrifice as an Introduction to the Catechesis of Holy Mass" was the basis for his much used reference work, "Sacrifice in Ibo Religion", published in 1970. Gregory speaks during a Mass to repent clergy sexual abuse and to pray for molestation victims in 2017 in Indianapolis. South Africa's Cardinal Seeking Spiritual Solidarity with Archbishop in ICU for COVID-19 ... Abductions “to give Nigeria a bad name, scare away visitors”: Archbishop ... Zambia Concerned About COVID-19 Upsurge, Call for Vigilance. Most of the hope for an African pope is currently centered on Francis Cardinal Arinze of Nigeria, 73. He has been the Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni since 2005. On Saturday, Gregory stepped out of his quarters and into history, becoming. He was appointed titular bishop of Fissiana and named Coadjutor to the Archbishop of Onitsha, Nigeria. When Pope John Paul II died on 2 April 2005, all major Vatican officials – including Arinze – automatically lost their positions. Arinze was born in Eziowelle, Anambra, Nigeria. And though a cause for celebration, Gregory's elevation comes just weeks after the Vatican released a damning report about why it overlooked accusations of sexual abuse and serial misconduct by a former archbishop of Washington, Theodore McCarrick. The homes and businesses of the people had been devastated, and the already poor region was sinking deeper into poverty. A convert from an African traditional religion,[2] he was baptized on his ninth birthday (1 November 1941) by Father Michael Tansi, who was beatified by John Paul II in 1998. https://www.cnn.com/2020/11/27/world/archbishop-wilton-gregory-cardinal In 1955, he went to Rome to study theology at the Pontifical Urban University, where he ultimately earned a doctorate in sacred theology summa cum laude. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, two of the bishops were not in Rome for the ceremony, another first in church history. The newest cardinal from Nigeria has condemned a deadly terrorist attack on a Protestant church at a local military base, lamenting the lack of security in the country. He was born in Chicago to parents who were not Catholic, but converted to Catholicism while attending a parochial school. Impressed by Arinze's many accomplishments as the leader of an archdiocese with few resources and his ability to work side by side with Muslims who represent a strong and not-to-be-ignored minority, Pope John Paul II in 1979 appointed Arinze pro-president of the Vatican's Secretariat for Non-Christians, later renamed the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue. On 1 October 2002, Pope John Paul named him prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments. He attended the final session of the Second Vatican Council in that same year. He passed over several archbishops who would traditionally become cardinals to promote Gregory. Category:Nigerian cardinals. On Nov. 28, Pope Francis elevated 13 new cardinals from around the world to the College of Cardinals at a consistory in Rome. WASHINGTON (CNS) — To Father Robert Boxie III, the Catholic chaplain at Howard University in Washington, the naming of Washington’s archbishop “as a cardinal is huge, it’s historic.” On Nov. 28, Pope Francis elevated 13 new cardinals from around the world to the College of Cardinals … Arinze was one of the principal advisors to Pope John Paul II and was considered papabile before the 2005 papal conclave, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. But Wednesday, when Pope Benedict XVI named DiNardo the first Roman Catholic cardinal from Texas, it all made sense. "He is very aware of racial injustices and white supremacy," Butler said, "and it's not just realizing what's going on here and how things have escalated. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Pro-Prefect of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, International Council of Christians and Jews, President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_Arinze&oldid=999926289, Converts to Roman Catholicism from pagan religions, Participants in the Second Vatican Council, Members of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Articles needing additional references from May 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with style issues from May 2018, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Cardinal-Deacon of S. Giovanni della Pigna (1985–1996), President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue (1985–2002), Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni della Pigna (1996–2005), The Evangelizing Parish (Ignatius Press, 2018), This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 17:16. A cardinal (Latin: Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae cardinalis, literally "cardinal of the Holy Roman Church") is a leading bishop and prince of the College of Cardinals in the Catholic Church, appointed by the Pope for life.Cardinals' duties include participating in papal consistories, and in conclaves when the Holy See is vacant. Arinze continued as the ordinary of his archdiocese, and was elected unanimously as President of the Nigerian Bishops Conference in 1984. "It's not about the structures of the church, it's about the mistakes, the awful bad judgments that the church made in not focusing on the people that had been harmed," Gregory told CNN this week. Zimmermann is editor of the Catholic Standard, newspaper of the Archdiocese of Washington. He was the first native African to head his diocese, succeeding Archbishop Charles Heerey, an Irish missionary. He also received honours in this capacity: On 24 October 1999 he received a gold medallion from the International Council of Christians and Jews for his outstanding achievements in inter-faith relations. On 23 November 1958, at the chapel of the university, Arinze was ordained to the priesthood by Gregorio Pietro Agagianian, pro-prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (Propaganda Fide). Arinze was a member of the Committee of the Great Jubilee of the Year 2000. Of the 117 Cardinals choosing the next Pope, 58 are from Europe. Read Bishop Michael F. Burbidge's statement on Archbishop Gregory being named a cardinal. On 8 April 1985, Arinze resigned from his post in Onitsha, and the Pope named him a Cardinal-Deacon of San Giovanni della Pigna in the consistory held on 25 May 1985; he was raised to the rank of cardinal-priest in 1996. [4] He returned to his post as prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship when confirmed by the newly elected Pope Benedict XVI on 21 April 2005, and on 25 April Benedict named him Cardinal Bishop of Velletri-Segni. You can't live in Latin America and not see the history of race and slavery.". Francis has condemned the "tragic death of" George Floyd, the Black man who was killed by police in Minnesota last May, and supported an American bishop who knelt in prayer during a Black Lives Matter protest. Active Near Age Limit; Cardinals. by Nwafor. He also moved Augustine Tolton, who died in 1897 after becoming the. 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