Rainfall varies greatly in Nicaragua. Nicaragua is bounded by Honduras to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. ), Total renewable water resources:' Geography Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection (PCL) ... Nicaragua.com Nicaragua.com is owned and operated by Paley Media. This quiz game will help you memorize their names and locations. Geography . arable land: Almost 20 percent of the country is part of the Pacific region. This is a large sea that makes up the east coast of Nicaragua. ISBN 978-0-367-36463-2 Follow @ecojpr. Its economy is based mainly on agriculture and industry, with its top industrial products being food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, and wood. This line is highest in the central portion near the cities of León and Managua. BORDERED by COSTA RICA and HONDURAS, Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. views updated . There have been widespread protests against a corrupt government and these are sometimes met with force. In 1990 due to pressure from within and outside of Nicaragua, Ortega's regime agreed to hold elections in February of that year. The coast is also subject to destructive tropical storms and hurricanes, particularly from July through October. Nicaragua is divided into 15 departments and two autonomous regions for local administration. To the east lies the Caribbean, and to the west the Pacific. The valleys of the western central mountains yield about one-fourth of the national agricultural production. He attempted to keep strong ties with the U.S. and his two sons succeeded him in office. food , culture, eduacation, homes, and family ways of living. 119,254 km2 km (50,340 sq. Nicaragua Brief History of Nicaragua:. A very special and divers group of people inhabit the great country of Nicaragua. Given the country's position in Central America, many of the departments are coastal, including a string of them along the nation's western edge that includes Chinandega, León, Managua, and others. Nicaragua - Nicaragua - Agriculture, forestry, and fishing: Agriculture, forestry, and fishing engage as much as one-third of the labour force and produce about one-fifth of the total national income. Its terrain is mostly coastal plains that eventually rise up to interior mountains. Like many other countries in Central America, Nicaragua is known for its high levels of biodiversity and unique ecosystems. Nicaragua consists of three definite geographical regions: the Atlantic Lowlands, the North-Central … Surrounding the lakes and extending northwest of them along the rift valley to the Golfo de Fonseca are fertile lowland plains highly enriched with volcanic ash from nearby volcanoes. Infoplease is the world's largest free reference site. The People of Nicaragua. Because Western Nicaragua is located where two major tectonic plates collide, it is subject to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. There's a reason why I'm wearing that purple hat....Check out http://www.GeographyNow.com ! These lowlands are a hot, humid area that includes coastal plains, the eastern spurs of the central highlands, and the lower portion of the Río San Juan basin. Most of the area is flat, except for a line of young volcanoes, many of which are still active, running between the Golfo de Fonseca and Lago de Nicaragua. This page has some serious problems. other: Their objective for Nicaragua.com is to create a best of breed site that provides information about "all things Nicaragua". It has two coastlines; the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Today Nicaragua's government is considered a republic. This interesting location causes Nicaragua to have great biodiversity and also mountains, volcanoes, beaches, lakes and other features. The Nicaragua Canal Project. Nicaragua, as the largest Central American country, is even home to the largest body of freshwater in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua. Facts on world and country flags, maps, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations. Territorial sea: 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi) The actions of Ortega and his dictatorship ended friendly relations with the U.S. and in 1981, the U.S. suspended all foreign aid to Nicaragua. One-quarter of the country's population lives in the capital. Its overall score has decreased by 0.5 point due to a drop in the fiscal health score. Pine and palm savannas predominate as far south as the Laguna de Perlas. In 1933, U.S. troops left Nicaragua and Nation Guard Commander Anastasio Somoza Garcia became president in 1936. Nicaragua is known for its biodiversity because rainforest covers 7,722 square miles (20,000 sq km) of the country's Caribbean lowlands. The country can be divided into roughly three physiographic regions, the Pacific lowlands, central highlands, and the Caribbean highlands. The Geography of Nicaragua. It is the largest country by area in Central America and its capital and largest city is Managua. After more instability in the later 2000s, Honduras today is considered a democratic … Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America in square kilometers. Contiguous zone: 24 nautical miles (44.4 km; 27.6 mi) • Nicaragua's life expectancy is 71.5 years.• Nicaragua's Independence Day is September 15.• Spanish is the official language of Nicaragua but English and other native languages are also spoken. Two big lakes, Nicaragua and Managua, are connected by the Tipitapa River. Tropical rain forests are characteristic from the Laguna de Perlas to the Río San Juan, in the interior west of the savannas, and along rivers through the savannas. Nicaragua, as the largest Central American country, is even home to the largest body of freshwater in Central America, Lago de Nicaragua. The country is divided into three distinctive geographical regions : the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Mountains and the Caribbean Lowlands (also known as the MOSQUITO COAST ). These rugged mountains are composed of ridges 900 to 1,809 meters high and a mixed forest of oak and pine alternating with deep valleys that drain primarily toward the Caribbean. This sea is a popular tourist destination for people who come to see its clear blue waters, coral reefs, and tropical islands. The soil is generally leached and infertile. 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: From 1912 to 1933, the U.S. had troops in the country to prevent hostile actions toward Americans working on the canal there. Before 1855, however, it was an obscure village. These two lakes are joined by the Río Tipitapa, which flows south into Lago de Nicaragua. The valley of the Río San Juan forms a natural passageway close to sea level across the Nicaraguan isthmus from the Caribbean Sea to Lago de Nicaragua and the rift. The Caribbean lowlands are sometimes considered synonymous with the former department of Zelaya, which is now divided into the North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Norte, RACCN) and the South Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region (Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Sur, RACCS) and constitutes about 45 percent of Nicaragua's territory. Geography of Nicaragua History of Nicaragua. 1.76% Nicaragua Political Geography; Managua. Nicaragua: Departments - Map Quiz Game: Nicaragua is divided into fifteen departments and two autonomous regions. 99.7.143.169 05:20, 1 March 2010 (UTC)Bold textNicaragua was the very first country ever! The Nicaragua Canal Project. Area: land: It is contained by Central America, South America, and the West Indies, and lends its name to the areas of land surrounding it. Temperature varies little with the seasons in Nicaragua and is largely a function of elevation. The high winds and floods, accompanying these storms often cause considerable destruction of property. 10,380 km2, Southernmost point: Trinidad, Río San Juan, Westernmost point: Pacific coast at Gulf of Fonseca, Chinandega Department, Easternmost point: Miskito Cays archipelago, North Caribbean Coast Autonomous RegionLowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 mHighest point: Mogotón 2,438 m, Land use: Located on the southern shores of Lake Managua, the city's site had been an ancient Indian settlement of the Chorotega called Manahuec. Government. A volcanic … In November 2020, two major hurricanes: Eta and Iota, made landfall on the nation in nearly same locations in consecutive weeks, causing hundreds of deaths throughout the caribbean region and causing millions of dollars in damage. The capital city of Managua was virtually destroyed in 1931 and again in 1972. water: Most of the Pacific zone is tierra caliente, the "hot land" of tropical Spanish America at elevations under 610 metres (2,000 ft). Nicaragua is subject to destructive earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, and occasionally severe hurricanes. Nicaragua is a Central American country covering a total area of 130,370 sq. More directly west of the lake region is a narrow line of ash-covered hills and volcanoes that separate the lakes from the Pacific Ocean. Nicaragua is mountainous in the west, with fertile valleys. M. Maps of Nicaragua; Media in category "Geography of Nicaragua" The following 12 files are in this category, out of 12 total. Today Nicaragua's government is considered a republic. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nicaragua Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. Managua, the capital of Nicaragua. Nicaragua is considered the poorest country in Central America and as such, it has very high unemployment and poverty. 130,370 km2 As such, Nicaragua is home to large cats like the jaguar and cougar, as well as primates, insects, and a plethora of different plants. Nicaragua covers a total area of 130,370 square kilometers (119,990 square kilometers of which is land area) and contains a variety of climates and terrains. Violeta Barrios de Chamorro won the election. Rainfall is seasonal—May through October is the rainy season, and December through April is the driest period. It currently faces deforestation, soil erosion, and water pollution. The "hot land" is characteristic of the foothills and lowlands from sea level to about 750 meters (2,461 ft) of elevation. Table of Contents. Nicaragua is a country located in Central America to the south of Honduras and north of Costa Rica. The Geography of Transport Systems FIFTH EDITION Jean-Paul Rodrigue (2020), New York: Routledge, 456 pages. It is a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, the Nuclear Test Ban, and the Ozone Layer Protection, and has signed but not ratified the Law of the Sea. This time, Enrique Bolanos won the presidency and his campaign pledged to improve the economy, build jobs and end government corruption. Exclusive economic zone: 123,881 km2 (47,831 sq mi). The Pacific lowlands extend about 75 km inland from the coast. The Republic of Nicaragua covers a total land area of 50,193 square miles and is the largest country in Central America. During the rainy season, Eastern Nicaragua is subject to heavy flooding along the upper and middle reaches of all major rivers. Nicaragua is located in Central America to the south of Honduras and to the north of Costa Rica. Shortly thereafter, the FSLN formed a dictatorship under leader Daniel Ortega. https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/countries/nicaragua Please Help this Page. Geography, Climate, and Biodiversity of Nicaragua, The Nicaraguan Revolution: History and Impact, A Brief History of the African Country of Liberia, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Managua. Very few significant streams flow west to the Pacific Ocean. Transportation and Spatial Structure Map of Nicaragua Area Total 129,494 km2 Land 120,254 km2 Water Nicaragua. Cobbleroad to El Sauce.JPG 2,048 × 1,536; 392 KB. The western slopes of the central highlands and the Pacific lowlands receive considerably less annual rainfall, being protected from moisture-laden Caribbean trade winds by the peaks of the central highlands. 83.66% (2011. gale. Nicaragua's main crops are coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, tobacco, sesame, soya, and beans. If you are trying to find Nicaragua on a map, its geographical coordinates are 13°00′N 85°00′W. In 1988, Hurricane Joan forced hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguans to flee their homes and caused more than US$1 billion in damage, most of it along the Caribbean coast. physical features of Nicaragua Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The triangular area known as the central highlands lies northeast and east of the Pacific lowlands. 14.57% Nicaragua’s economic freedom score is 57.2, making its economy the 115th freest in the 2020 Index. Printable map of Nicaragua and info and links to Nicaragua facts, famous natives, landforms, latitude, longitude, maps, symbols, timeline and weather - by worldatlas.com Nicaragua Map / Geography of Nicaragua / Map of Nicaragua - Worldatlas.com Nicaragua covers a total area of 130,370 square kilometers (119,990 square kilometers of which is land area) and contains a variety of climates and terrains. mi) making it the region's biggest country. permanent crops: Their chief was named Nicarao. During Chamorro's time in office, Nicaragua moved toward creating a more democratic government, stabilizing the economy and improving human rights issues that had occurred during Ortega's time in office. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nicaragua Geography 2020 information contained here. At night temperatures drop to 21 to 24 °C (69.8 to 75.2 °F) most of the year. In 1985, an embargo was also placed on trade between the two countries. Nicaragua's name comes from its native peoples that lived there in the late 1400s and early 1500s. Pacific Volcanic Chain. It is at this precise location on the globe that you will find the amazing coastal plains, interior mountains, old volcanoes and the narrow pacific coastal plain that is known … Lago de Nicaragua in turn drains into the Río San Juan (the boundary between Nicaragua and Costa Rica), which flows through the southern part of the rift lowlands to the Caribbean Sea. From the southwest edge of Lago de Nicaragua, it is only nineteen kilometers to the Pacific Ocean. The country's physical geography divides it into three major zones: the Pacific lowlands, the wetter, cooler central highlands, and the Caribbean lowlands. The climate of Nicaragua is considered tropical in its lowlands with cool temperatures at its higher elevations. The eastern slopes are among the wettest places in the world, being too wet for agriculture, and have an economy dominated by timber extraction. Government of Nicaragua. The rift is occupied in part by the largest freshwater lakes in Central America: Lago de Managua (56 kilometers long and 24 kilometers wide) and Lago de Nicaragua (about 160 kilometers long and 75 kilometers wide). National GDP: $18,880,000,000 Nicaragua was originally inhabited by Native American tribes. On the Pacific side of the country, there is a narrow coastal plain dotted with volcanoes. It has an executive branch made up of a chief of state and a head of government, both of which are filled by the president and a legislative branch comprised of a unicameral National Assembly. In 1979, there was an uprising by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) and the Somoza family's time in office ended. This route was considered as a possible alternative to the Panama Canal at various times in the past. Despite these goals, however, subsequent Nicaraguan elections have been marred with corruption and in 2006 Daniel Ortega ​Saavdra, an FSLN candidate, was elected. Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America in square kilometers. Nicaragua is located in the center of America, in an area that divides the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. These peaks lie just west of a large crustal fracture or structural rift that forms a long, narrow depression passing southeast across the isthmus from the Golfo de Fonseca to the Río San Juan. daviddennisphotos.com/Moment/Getty Images. Facts About Nicaragua. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html, Photos and information about the volcanoes in Nicaragua, Federal Republic of Central America (1823–1838), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Nicaragua&oldid=991926246, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 15:35. Managua. Wedged between Costa Rica and Honduras, Nicaragua is a good all-round destination.Think beautiful cathedrals, elegant architecture, a ton of history, and loads of nature to get to grips with. She holds a Certificate of Advanced Study in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) from California State University. Nicaragua's judicial branch consists of a Supreme Court. In 1909, the United States intervened in the country after hostilities grew between Conservatives and Liberals due to plans to build a trans-isthmian canal. Largest but most sparsely populated of the Central American nations, Nicaragua borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. Nicaragua is a large country located in Central America between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Nicaragua's name comes from its native peoples that lived there in the late 1400s and early 1500s. Geography Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America, bordering Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. River bank agricultural plots are often heavily damaged, and considerable numbers of savanna animals die during these floods. Economy of Nicaragua. Pages in category "Geography of Nicaragua" This category contains only the following page. These lowlands are densely populated and well cultivated. You asked for merch so we made it for you! The eastern Caribbean lowlands of Nicaragua form the extensive and exaggerated (occupying more than 50 percent of national territory) and still sparsely settled lowland area known as the Costa de Mosquitos (Miskito Coast). It has an executive branch made … Those that do are steep, short, and flow intermittently. 1. The tierra templada, or the "temperate land," is characteristic of most of the central highlands, where elevations range between 750 and 1,600 meters (2,461 and 5,249 ft).The "cold land" at elevations above 1,600 meters (5,249 ft), is found only on and near the highest peaks of the central highlands. Nicaragua (officially the Republic of Nicaragua Spanish: República de Nicaragua [reˈpuβlika ðe nikaˈɾaɣwa] (listen)) is a country in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. Fertile soils are found only along the natural levees and narrow floodplains of the numerous rivers, including the Escondido, the Río Grande de Matagalpa, the Prinzapolka, and the Coco, and along the many lesser streams that rise in the central highlands and cross the region en route to the complex of shallow bays, lagoons, and salt marshes of the Caribbean coast. Beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products, shrimp, and lobster are also large industries in Nicaragua.​. Nicaragua is a country in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras. The local people call themselves Nicas, while outsiders call them Nicaraguans. Mean annual precipitation for the rift valley and western slopes of the highlands ranges from 1,000 to 1,500 millimeters (39.4 to 59.1 in). In addition, heavy rains (called papagayo storms) accompanying the passage of a cold front or a low-pressure area may sweep from the north through both eastern and western Nicaragua (particularly the rift valley) from November through March. However, Nicaragua was hit with renewed political trouble in 2018, and it was hit hard. Temperatures remain virtually constant throughout the year, with highs ranging between 29.4 and 32.2 °C (85 and 90 °F). Hurricanes or heavy rains in the central highlands where agriculture has destroyed much of the natural vegetation also cause considerable crop damage and soil erosion. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. In 1996, there was another election and the former mayor of Managua, Arnoldo Aleman, won the presidency. 196.6 km3 (2011), Maritime claims In 1821, Nicaragua gained its independence from Spain. Nicaragua is one of the few countries where people will find this variety so close together. Aleman's presidency, however, had severe issues with corruption and in 2001, Nicaragua again held presidential elections. Nicaragua's capital, Managua, has warm temperatures year-round that hover around 88 degrees (31˚C). Near the coast, where river courses widen and river banks and natural levees are low, floodwaters spill over onto the floodplains until large sections of the lowlands become continuous sheets of water. Europeans did not arrive in Nicaragua until 1524 when Hernandez de Cordoba founded Spanish settlements there. The eastern Caribbean lowlands of Nicaragua form the extensive (occupying more than 50 percent of national territory) and still sparsely settled lowland area known as … People call themselves Nicas, while outsiders call them Nicaraguans River bank agricultural plots are often heavily,..., eduacation, homes, and international relations free reference site to find Nicaragua on a map its! 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